Clean agent fire suppression systems
NFPA 2001: Standard on Clean Agent Fire Extinguishing Systems
Critical facilities require fire protection systems which can detect and suppress fires quickly without harming equipment, the facility, or the environment. Gielle Clean Agent systems offer the best way to meet this challenge by discharging an environmentally friendly agent in less than 10 seconds, leaving no harmful residue to clean up.
Gielle Fire Systems offers various types of clean agent systems for a variety of applications:
Clean agent fire suppression systems
NFPA 2001, "Standard on Clean Agent Fire Extinguishing Systems" defines a "Clean Agent" as an "electrically non-conducting, volatile, or gaseous fire extinguishant that does not leave a residue upon evaporation."
Gielle is the acknowledged industry expert on buying, selling and recycling Halon and other Clean Agents.
In response to the ban on Halon 1301 manufacture, the fire suppression industry has responded with the development of alternative clean agents that pose less of a threat to the ozone layer. Two classes of agents have emerged as suitable replacements: halocarbon-based agents and inert gas agents. The halocarbon-based agents are carbon-based compounds and extinguish fire primarily via the absorption of heat. Inert gas agents are based on the inert gases (i.e., nitrogen, argon, carbon dioxide) and extinguish fire via oxygen depletion.
With the advent of the new clean agents, businesses worldwide will continue to have the ability to protect critical equipment and irreplaceable items, despite the ban and inevitable disappearance of Halon 1301 from the marketplace. With the mandated decommissioning of Halon 1301 in the EC and the increasing pressure from governments worldwide to reduce dependency on ozone depleting substances, it is expected that the future will see an increased utilization of Halon alternative clean agents.
Although the Halon 1301 alternatives are only approximately 70% as effective as Halon 1301 at extinguishing fires, the alternatives have similar characteristics. Like Halon 1301, the new agents are clean (i.e., they leave no residues following extinguishment). As a result, no cleanup is required after discharge of the agents. Because the agents form no corrosive or abrasive residues they are suitable for use on delicate, expensive assets that might otherwise be destroyed by non-clean agents such as foam or water (e.g. books, paintings, cultural heritage items). The clean agents are non-corrosive and non-conductive, and hence can be employed for the protection of sensitive electrical and electronic equipment. Most of the new agents are nontoxic at their typical design levels, and hence are acceptable for use in occupied areas. The clean agents are gases, and can thoroughly flood a protected area, affording rapid extinguishment of even obscured or hard to reach fires. The clean agent systems are applicable to Class A, B and C fires. When coupled with an early detection system, clean agent systems provide rapid extinguishment, reducing equipment damage and ensuring the safety of personnel within the fire area.
Appearance-wise, clean agent systems are similar in many aspects to Halon 1301 systems, although, in general, none of the clean agents can serve as a complete drop-in replacement for Halon 1301: all require modification to the piping systems and or nozzles and system cylinders. Halocarbon agents are stored as compressed liquefied gases, and systems are typically super pressurized to 25 or 40 bar with nitrogen, with the exception of FE-13, which does not require super pressurization. Inert gas agents are supplied in high-pressure gas cylinders, typically pressurized to 200 or 300 bars. For both halocarbon and inert gas systems, additional system components include the usual collection of selector valves, piping, and nozzles.